Cannabidiol News March 15 2019
A cannabinoid is a term which is used a lot in the cannabis industry, but did you know that Mother Nature offers some other types of cannabinoids as well?
These types include:
- Phytocannabinoids – these are the cannabinoids produced by plants.
- Endocannabinoids – these cannabinoids are produced in the body of humans and animals.
- Synthetic Cannabinoids – these cannabinoids are produced in laboratories.
It is postulated that the common ancestor of the modern varieties of cannabis we know now originated in the steppes of Central Asia in one of two places: A) around the Irtysh River that flows westward from Mongolia into the Siberian lowlands south of Lake Baikal, in the Taklamakan desert north of Tibet, or B) growing wild in abundance in the foothills of the Altai Mountains, around the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, in the Hindu Kush mountain range, and in the southern foothills of the Himalayas.
Marijuana, originally from the Altai Mountains in Central and East Asia, contains at least 85 cannabinoids and 27 terpenes, fragrant oils that are produced by many herbs and flowers that may be active, drug-like compounds. THC mimics a naturally occurring neurotransmitter called anandamide that works as a signaling molecule in the brain. Anandamide attaches to proteins in the brain called cannabinoid receptors, which then send signals related to pleasure, memory, thinking, perception and coordination, to name a few. THC works by hijacking these natural cannabinoid receptors, triggering a profound high.
THC is the cannabinoid everyone wants in order to get high. It is produced from THC acid – which constitutes up to 25 percent of the plant’s dry weight – by smoking or baking any part of the marijuana plant.
Myrcene is the most abundant monoterpenoid, a type or terpene, in marijuana. It can relax muscles. Other terpenes such as pinene, linalool, limonene and the sesquiterpene, beta-caryophyllene are pain relievers, especially when applied directly to the skin as a liniment. Some of these terpenes may add to the high when marijuana is smoked.
Tetrahydrocannabivarinic acid, another cannabinoid, can constitute up to 10 percent of the dry weight.
marijuana hyperemesis syndrome
As recreational use has become more widespread, marijuana hyperemesis syndrome is becoming more of a problem in our society. Some people vomit uncontrollably after smoking marijuana regularly. It can be treated by rubbing a cream made from capsaicin, from chili peppers, on the abdomen. Capsaicin cream is available in pharmacies.
Researchers have also shown that anxiety can be effectively treated with strains that have more cannabidiol and linalool. It may be best to rub a cannabidiol balm or lotion on your cheeks to relieve anxiety.
CO2 reaches its supercritical point above a temperature and pressure around 32°C and 1070 psi. The higher the pressure, the more efficiently the CO2 pulls the soluble chemicals out of the plant. But too high, and the extract acquires undesirable qualities. Soma’s extractor keeps the CO2 at temperatures not exceeding 50°C and pressure up to about 2000 psi. This achieves efficient extraction without imparting a “burned” aroma and flavor to the resulting extract. “You don’t get that caramelization of the product,” Lander says.
Once the supercritical CO2 has collected all the oils, it’s put through into the separator, where the drop in pressure and a bit of heat vaporizes every last droplet of CO2, separating the gas from the valuable oils. “The operator can, at his convenience, just open the valve up and push out a whole bunch of product that looks like soft serve ice cream.”
After the cannabis oil is extracted, it’s “winterized,” meaning the oil is cooled until the heavier fats and waxes solidify. After they are removed, the resulting oil can be sold as-is, with its complex profile of terpenes and cannabinoids, or further refined by distillation or chromatography to obtain pure THC, pure CBD, or some mixture containing a combination of various cannabinoids and terpenes.
Chumash healing has been practiced in California for ∼13 000 years. Chumash healers treat their patients with prayer, laughter, dreaming, phytotherapy, aromatherapy, healing ceremonies and other techniques. Healing involves first healing the spirit, then healing the body. Chumash people still maintain their unique identity. Chumash Healers still practice the ancient healing arts in California. This lecture is a brief introduction to Chumash Healing.